In 1994, President Clinton appointed Professor Goldsmith to the U.S. Sentencing Commission. In 1996-1997, Professor Goldsmith served as Vice-Chairman of the Commission. Professor Goldsmith was a former Assistant United States Attorney, and also served as Counsel to the New York State Organized Crime Task Force. He wrote extensively on RICO, asset forfeiture, and electronic surveillance, and previously served as Vice-chairman of the ABA Criminal Justice Section, RICO Committee. His work was cited in numerous judicial decisions, and he testified before the United States Congress on several occasions. Professor Goldsmith lectured on these issues throughout the country, and served as a consultant to many law firms and law enforcement agencies. Finally, Professor Goldsmith was also an expert witness in international RICO litigation, and served on the faculty of numerous state and federal judicial training programs. He died of Lou Gehrig's disease on November 1, 2009.