Mean Grades and Grade Distribution

    1. First-year courses other than Introduction to Legal Research and Writing (Law 545) and Introduction to Advocacy (Law 546)
      1. Mean: Not to exceed 3.4
      2. Distribution:
    Grade Range % of Students
    4.0-3.8 12-18%
    3.7-3.5 22-32%
    3.4-3.2 25-35%
    3.1-2.9 15-25%
    2.8-1.6 8-15%

    2. Introduction to Legal Research and Writing (Law 545) and Introduction to Advocacy (Law 546)

    1. Mean: Not to exceed 3.6
    2. Distribution: No required distribution

    3. Second- and third-year courses with enrollment greater than or equal to 25 students

    1. Mean: Not to exceed 3.4
    2. Distribution:
    Grade Range % of Students
    4.0-3.8 12-18%
    3.7-3.5 22-32%
    3.4-3.2 25-35%
    3.1-2.9 15-25%
    2.8-1.6 8-15%

    4. Second- and third-year courses with enrollment of fewer than 25 students (other than “Paper-Based” courses, as defined in Section 5)

    1. Mean: Not to exceed 3.4, with the following exception.

    If the mean GPA of the students enrolled in the course is between 3.5 and 3.599, the instructor may use a mean not to exceed 3.5. If the mean GPA of the students enrolled in the course is between 3.6 and 4.0, the instructor may use a mean not to exceed 3.6. The mean GPA of the students in the course will be calculated as of the beginning of the semester in which the course is offered with respect to students enrolled in the course as of the end of the semester. The registrar will notify the instructor if this exception applies to the course.

    2. Distribution:

    No required distribution

    5. Second- and third-year Paper-Based courses with enrollment of fewer than 25 students

    1. Mean: Not to exceed 3.6
    2. Distribution: No required distribution
    3. A “Paper-Based” course is one in which the primary means of evaluating all students in the course is a paper that is an original work consisting of criticism, analysis, synthesis or history of law or a law-related topic. The paper must not be solely a paraphrase or summary of the work of others. It must advance and defend one or more central theses. The paper must be at least 20 letter-size pages long, including footnotes. Text shall be double-spaced, and footnotes shall be single-spaced.